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Renewable Energy


Solar Panels

New solar panels were installed at Gilsland Farm Audubon Center in 2014.

After years of effort and after months of intense work by many stakeholders, the Legislature has passed a strong, comprehensive solar bill! This historic bill would give Maine a big boost: it ensures that in the next five years Maine will have more than ten times more solar installed than we have today—from rooftops to solar farms. This bill has strong, broad support from Maine solar companies, the environmental community, towns, community leaders, and many others. However the Governor has vetoed the bill!

Solar power is undergoing an astonishing revolution around the country as prices keep dropping and the amount of solar being built keeps increasing. Maine is the only state in New England without a comprehensive solar policy. As a result, we lag far behind on the amount of solar being installed and the number of solar jobs being created. It is far past the time for action.

Maine Audubon strongly supports the proposed comprehensive solar legislation that will give Maine a big boost in expanding solar power here in Maine in terms of both increasing the amount of solar power generated and increasing opportunities for community solar. Maine Audubon is proud to host a 42 kw solar system at our Gilsland Farm headquarters located in Falmouth. The system provides approximately 84% of our electricity at Gilsland Farm.  Climate change is a major threat to wildlife and habitat in Maine. It’s incumbent on us to support efforts to advance solar power, thereby reducing carbon emissions.

Support the Comprehensive Solar Bill

This solar bill does A LOT to boost solar in Maine, so it’s very comprehensive with a lot of important details.  Here are a few reasons why we’re so excited about this solar proposal:

Key benefits of the solar proposal

#1 Ensures a massive increase in solar power and solar jobs in Maine. The new solar program will increase the amount of solar power installed in Maine ten-fold over four years: adding 196 Megawatts (MW) by 2021, compared to about 18 MW currently. This will create more than 650 new solar jobs, reduce energy costs for everyone in Maine, and help protect our climate. The 196 MW includes targets for all kinds of solar, and includes big increases in rooftop solar, plus new growth in larger-scale solar. By removing barriers, it will finally make larger solar farms workable in Maine.

#2 Provides a huge boost for community solar farms. The bill tears down current barriers that inhibit community solar projects in Maine, including a provision in existing law that arbitrarily prohibits more than nine people from participating in a community solar farm. With passage of the bill, hundreds of people could participate in a single community solar project!

#3 Introduces an upgrade to net-metering. The bill introduces an upgraded approach to Maine’s current net-metering policy for an 18-month trial period. The new program is designed to be at least as attractive and effective as net-metering, and indeed is very similar from a customer’s perspective. A solar homeowner or small business will still earn credits on their power bill for the extra solar power not used immediately on site. They can use those credits over the year to pay for the power they need to purchase from the grid at other times (like at night, when their solar panels don’t produce power).

Two differences between the new program and what we have now: 1) bill credits would be based on a set rate, guaranteed for 20 years; 2) solar customers could use bill credits to offset 100% of their bill. (Current net-metering customers have to pay their fixed charges out-of-pocket, and this has been a barrier for Maine businesses who want to invest in solar.) Maybe we should call it “NeXt-Metering”?

#4 Mixes innovation, flexibility, and safeguards. Maine needs to do something creative and different to get out of last place in solar development. The revision to net-metering proposed in this bill is innovative. The approach has automatic adjustments to ensure we reach the required amounts of solar. The bill also ensures that Maine can try the new alternative for a couple years, evaluate whether it is succeeding, make fixes if necessary, and revert to the current net-metering system if it is deemed preferable.

#5 Keeps net-metering for existing solar customers. Those who already have solar panels and have been net-metering with their utility will have the option to continue to use net-metering or to switch over to the new program. Unfortunately, current net-metering customers now live under the threat that the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) could weaken or eliminate net-metering at any time. The new bill gives these customers additional certainty that they can keep net-metering at least through 2029. It also gives them the option to switch over to a 20-year guaranteed rate of payment for their solar.

#6 Lowers electricity costs for everyone in Maine. Solar power offers tremendous benefits for everyone, according to a study by the Maine PUC. The new solar program creates an improved way to capture, account for, and monetize these many benefits of solar power, and provide cheaper power for everyone.

#7 Offers a win-win solution in the Maine tradition. Here in Maine we pride ourselves on finding innovative and common-sense solutions to the challenges we face – solutions that work for everyone. It moves beyond the conflict and division that other states are experiencing and would help re-establish Maine as a leader in clean energy. Using independent minds and good old-fashioned conversation, we have crafted a policy proposal that will help Maine to regain lost ground and tap into the many benefits of solar energy for Maine people and our environment.

Background

Maine is falling behind on solar, losing opportunities for job creation and energy security

  • Prices for solar panels have fallen 50% in the last five years. It’s now economical for homes and businesses to produce their own power and increase energy security.
  • Despite this good news, Maine is falling far behind the region and the U.S. on solar installations and job creation.
  • Without greater energy diversity and more choices, Maine homeowners and businesses face volatile and rising prices.
  • Unnecessary restrictions and other barriers limit access to solar for Mainers.
  • The price of solar is increasingly competitive; however all of the cost needs to be paid up-front.

Solar offers Maine homeowners and businesses an affordable way to generate their own power

  • Maine has an excellent solar resource—better than the global leader in solar, Germany—and it offers a way for Mainers to take control of their own energy costs.
  • In states that are encouraging solar and reducing barriers, the vast majority of solar is installed in middle-class neighborhoods.
  • Unlike oil or natural gas, solar has no fuel costs that fluctuate beyond our control.
  • Solar offers many benefits to Maine, including: stabilizing energy costs; employing Maine workers with good-paying jobs; and reducing pollution that threatens our climate and oceans.