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Endangered and Threatened Species


Bat with white nose syndrome. Photo: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Bat with White Nose Syndrome. Photo: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Protecting at-risk species is a core environmental issue for the people of Maine. The state began listing its threatened and endangered species forty years ago, after the passage of Maine’s Endangered Species Act (there are currently 45 wildlife species listed on the state’s endangered and threatened list).

The Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife is proposing a revision to the list for the first time since 2007. Six wildlife species have been proposed for list, including three bats. The list is a public document that helps businesses, landowners, government agencies and others know which wildlife is rare and vulnerable in Maine. It also provides impetus for landowners to work cooperatively with the state and creates opportunities for positive public education about Maine wildlife for Maine residents and visitors.

Benefits to updating the list: 

  • The purpose of the List is to identify species that are at risk of becoming extinct in Maine in order to protect them and enhance their numbers.
  • Updates to the List were last approved by the Maine Legislature in 2007.
  • The List helps landowners know which animals are rare and vulnerable.
  • The List provides advance notice to developers and helps eliminate permitting surprises.
  • The List promotes education about Maine wildlife for Maine residents and visitors.
  • The List creates opportunities for additional funding for protection and management.

Proposed Legislative Action

The Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife is proposing changes to the state’s Endangered and Threatened Species List:

Endangered:

  • Black-crowned Night Heron (currently threatened)
  • Cobblestone tiger beetle
  • Frigga fritillary
  • Six-whorl vertigo
  • Little brown bat
  • Northern long-eared bat.

Threatened:

  • Roaring brook mayfly (currently endangered)
  • Clayton’s copper (currently endangered)
  • Eastern small-footed bat.